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2023年各國的年度代表字

2023年各国的年度代表字

The annual representative words of each country in 2023

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趨勢,國際

趋势,国际

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    2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

HSK1
台湾 Tái wān
台湾

Tái wān

Proper Noun

Taiwan

de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1

代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1

大选 dà xuǎn
大选

dà xuǎn

N

general vote

N/A
揭晓 jiē xiǎo
揭晓

jiē xiǎo

V

to reveal

HSK7-9

quē

quē

V

to lack

HSK5

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
荣获 róng huò
荣获

róng huò

V

to be honored with

HSK7-9
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
击败 jí bài
击败

jí bài

V

to beat

N/A
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
其他 qí tā
其他

qí tā

Pron

other, else

HSK2
热门 rè mén
热门

rè mén

Adj

popular

N/A
候选 hòu xuǎn
候选

hòu xuǎn

Adj

candidate (attributive)

N/A
词汇 cí huì
词汇

cí huì

N

vocabulary

HSK4

V

as, as if, such as

N/A

dàn

dàn

N

egg

HSK2

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1

zhá

zhá

V

to deep fry

N/A

zhè

zhè

Pron

this, these

HSK1
意味 yì wèi
意味

yì wèi

V

to mean, to imply

N/A
zhe

zhe

Ptc

action continues

HSK3
2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

HSK1
台湾 Tái wān
台湾

Tái wān

Proper Noun

Taiwan

社会 shè huì
社会

shè huì

N

society

HSK3
面临 miàn lín
面临

miàn lín

V

to face; to be confronted with

HSK4
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
种种 zhǒng zhǒng
种种

zhǒng zhǒng

Phrase

all kinds of

HSK3

不足 bù zú
不足

bù zú

N

insufficiency

HSK5

V

as, as if, such as

N/A
生活 shēng huó
生活

shēng huó

N

life

HSK2
zhōng

zhōng

N

in, among, admidst

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
物资 wù zī
物资

wù zī

N

supplies

HSK7-9
匮乏 kuì fá
匮乏

kuì fá

Adj

lack

N/A
企业 qǐ yè
企业

qǐ yè

N

enterprise; business

HSK4
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
能源 néng yuán
能源

néng yuán

N

energy

HSK7-9
短缺 duǎn quē
短缺

duǎn quē

N

shortage

HSK7-9

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
公共 gōng gòng
公共

gōng gòng

Adj

public; communal

HSK3
安全 ān quán
安全

ān quán

N

safety

HSK2
问题 wèn tí
问题

wèn tí

N

question, problem

HSK2
频传 pín chuán
频传

pín chuán

V

one after another reports

N/A
ér

ér

Conj

and; furthermore; but also; however

HSK4
不只 bù zhǐ
不只

bù zhǐ

Conj

not only

N/A
台湾 Tái wān
台湾

Tái wān

Proper Noun

Taiwan

许多 xǔ duō
许多

xǔ duō

Num

many, much, a lot of

HSK2
国家 guó jiā
国家

guó jiā

N

nation, country

HSK1

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
地区 dì qū
地区

dì qū

N

area

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
媒体 méi tǐ
媒体

méi tǐ

N

media

HSK3
学术 xué shù
学术

xué shù

Adj

academic

HSK4
机构 jī gòu
机构

jī gòu

N

organization, institution

HSK4
每年 měi nián
每年

měi nián

Adv

every year

N/A

Adv

also

HSK1
huì

huì

V

verb complement, express the result of mastery, achievement and proficiency

HSK1
xuǎn

xuǎn

V

to choose, to select, to take

HSK2
chū

chū

V

to appear

HSK1
象征 xiàng zhēng
象征

xiàng zhēng

V

to symbolize

HSK5
当年 dāng nián
当年

dāng nián

N

in the year

N/A
社会 shè huì
社会

shè huì

N

society

HSK3
文化 wén huà
文化

wén huà

N

culture

HSK3
现象 xiàn xiàng
现象

xiàn xiàng

N

phenomenon

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1


    亚洲 Yà zhōu
亚洲

Yà zhōu

N

Asia

N/A
国家 guó jiā
国家

guó jiā

N

nation, country

HSK1
zhōng

zhōng

N

in, among, admidst

N/A
中国 Zhōng guó
中国

Zhōng guó

Proper Noun

China

de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1

zhèn

zhèn

V

to rise up with spirit

N/A

象征 xiàng zhēng
象征

xiàng zhēng

V

to symbolize

HSK5
zhe

zhe

Ptc

indicates the presence of an action

HSK3
2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

HSK1
中国 Zhōng guó
中国

Zhōng guó

Proper Noun

China

zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
经济 jīng jì
经济

jīng jì

N

economy

HSK3
领域 lǐng yù
领域

lǐng yù

N

field

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
稳步 wěn bù
稳步

wěn bù

Adv

steadily

N/A
提振 tí zhèn
提振

tí zhèn

V

to boost

N/A
努力 nǔlì
努力

nǔlì

N

effort

HSK2
然而 rán’ér
然而

rán’ér

Conj

however

HSK4
由于 yóu yú
由于

yóu yú

Conj

thanks to;due to;because of

HSK3
中国 Zhōng guó
中国

Zhōng guó

Proper Noun

China

经济 jīng jì
经济

jīng jì

N

economy

HSK3
成长 chéng zhǎng
成长

chéng zhǎng

N

growing up

HSK3
放缓 fàng huǎn
放缓

fàng huǎn

V

to slow down (the pace of)

N/A
许多 xǔ duō
许多

xǔ duō

Num

many, much, a lot of

HSK2
网友 wǎng yǒu
网友

wǎng yǒu

N

netizen

HSK1
表示 biǎo shì
表示

biǎo shì

V

to show; to express

HSK2
他们 tā men
他们

tā men

Pron

they, them

HSK1
gèng

gèng

Adv

further; more

HSK3
倾向 qīng xiàng
倾向

qīng xiàng

V

to incline

HSK6

Prep

to

HSK6
使用 shǐ yòng
使用

shǐ yòng

V

to use;to employ

HSK2

diē

diē

V

to fall

HSK6

huò

huò

Conj

or

HSK2

cǎn

cǎn

Adj

awful

HSK6

lái

lái

N

來(lái)+V, to come to do something

HSK1
描述 miáo shù
描述

miáo shù

V

to describe

HSK4
2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
经济 jīng jì
经济

jīng jì

N

economy

HSK3
状况 zhuàng kuàng
状况

zhuàng kuàng

N

situation

HSK3


    日本 Rì běn
日本

Rì běn

Proper Noun

Japan

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
经过 jīng guò
经过

jīng guò

Prep

after, through, as a result

HSK2
quán

quán

Det

entire

HSK2
guó

guó

N

nation, country, state, kingdom

HSK1
观众 guān zhòng
观众

guān zhòng

N

audience

HSK3
推荐 tuī jiàn
推荐

tuī jiàn

V

to recommend

HSK7-9
票选 piào xuǎn
票选

piào xuǎn

V

to vote by ballot

N/A
揭晓 jiē xiǎo
揭晓

jiē xiǎo

V

to reveal

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

(是)...的/(shì)... de, to focus, it was A that B. This pattern the main message of the sentence.

HSK1
过程 guò chéng
过程

guò chéng

N

process

HSK3
非常 fēi cháng
非常

fēi cháng

Adv

very much, extraordinary

HSK1
yǒu

yǒu

V

to have;has;own

HSK1
仪式感 yí shì gǎn
仪式感

yí shì gǎn

N

sense of ritual

N/A
huì

huì

V

will; would; be likely to

HSK1
qǐng

qǐng

V

to invite

HSK1
京都 Jīng dū
京都

Jīng dū

Kyoto, Japan

清水寺 Qīng shuǐ sì
清水寺

Qīng shuǐ sì

Kiyomizu temple in east Kyōto 京都, Japan

de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
住持 zhù chí
住持

zhù chí

N

to administer a monastery Buddhist or Daoist

N/A
挥毫 huī háo
挥毫

huī háo

V

to write or draw with a brush

N/A
写下 xiě xià
写下

xiě xià

Phrase

to write down

N/A
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
今年 jīn nián
今年

jīn nián

N

this year

HSK1

shuì

shuì

N

tax

HSK6

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
夺冠 duó guān
夺冠

duó guān

V

fig. to win a championship

HSK7-9
因为 yīn wèi
因为

yīn wèi

Conj

because

HSK2
日本 Rì běn
日本

Rì běn

Proper Noun

Japan

N/A
政府 zhèng fǔ
政府

zhèng fǔ

N

government

HSK4
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
面临 miàn lín
面临

miàn lín

V

to face; to be confronted with

HSK4
gāo

gāo

Adj

tall, high

HSK1
通膨 tōng péng
通膨

tōng péng

N

inflation (abbr. for 通貨膨脹tōng huò péng zhàng )

N/A
物价 wù jià
物价

wù jià

N

cost of living

N/A
高涨 gāo zhǎng
高涨

gāo zhǎng

V

to (upward) surge

N/A
压力 yā lì
压力

yā lì

N

pressure

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
同时 tóng shí
同时

tóng shí

N

the same time

HSK2
为了 wèi le
为了

wèi le

Prep

for the sake of; in order to

HSK3
强化 qiáng huà
强化

qiáng huà

V

to strengthen

HSK6
国防 guó fáng
国防

guó fáng

N

national defense

HSK7-9
开始 kāi shǐ
开始

kāi shǐ

V

to begin, to start to

HSK3
推动 tuī dòng
推动

tuī dòng

V

to promote

HSK3
税务 shuì wù
税务

shuì wù

N

taxation services

N/A
改革 gǎi gé
改革

gǎi gé

N

reform

HSK5


    ér

ér

Conj

and; furthermore; but also; however

HSK4
Ōu

Ōu

abbr. for Europe(Ōu zhōu)

Měi

Měi

abbr. for Měi guó America

地区 dì qū
地区

dì qū

N

area

HSK3
zhōng

zhōng

N

in, among, admidst

N/A
英国 Yīng guó
英国

Yīng guó

N

the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the United Kingdom, the U.K)

牛津大学出版社 Niú jīn dà xué chū bǎn shè
牛津大学出版社

Niú jīn dà xué chū bǎn shè

N

Oxford University Press

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
yóu

yóu

Prep

(be done) by , from

HSK4
大众 dà zhòng
大众

dà zhòng

N

public

HSK4
票选 piào xuǎn
票选

piào xuǎn

V

to vote by ballot

N/A
出來 chū lái
出來

chū lái

Phrase

to come out; to turn out

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

(是)...的/(shì)... de, to focus, it was A that B. This pattern the main message of the sentence.

HSK1
2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
"
"

rizz
rizz

"
"

( 魅力 mèi lì
魅力

mèi lì

N

charm

HSK7-9
吸引力 xī yǐn lì
吸引力

xī yǐn lì

N

attractiveness

N/A
) 最初 zuì chū
最初

zuì chū

Adv

initially

HSK4
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
yóu

yóu

Prep

(be done) by , from

HSK4
美国 Měi guó
美国

Měi guó

N

the United States of America (the U.S.A)

直播主 zhí bō zhǔ
直播主

zhí bō zhǔ

N

live broadcast host

N/A
cóng

cóng

Prep

from

HSK1
"
"

charisma
charisma

"
"

个人 gè rén
个人

gè rén

N

personal

HSK3
魅力 mèi lì
魅力

mèi lì

N

charm

HSK7-9
吸引力 xī yǐn lì
吸引力

xī yǐn lì

N

attractiveness

N/A
缩写 suō xiě
缩写

suō xiě

V

to abbreviate

N/A
ér

ér

Conj

then, so that

HSK4
lái

lái

N

to come

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

(是)...的/(shì)... de, to focus, it was A that B. This pattern the main message of the sentence.

HSK1
这个 zhè gè
这个

zhè gè

Phrase

(pronoun) this

N/A

N

words; phrase, expression

HSK2
描述 miáo shù
描述

miáo shù

V

to describe

HSK4
le

le

Ptc

change in situation

HSK2

Num

one

HSK1
zhǒng

zhǒng

M

classifier for types, kinds

HSK3
社交 shè jiāo
社交

shè jiāo

Adj

social

HSK7-9
技巧 jì qiǎo
技巧

jì qiǎo

N

skill

HSK4

V

to be; to mean; namely, that is

HSK7-9
透过 tòu guò
透过

tòu guò

Prep

through

HSK7-9
mǒu

mǒu

Pron

certain

HSK3
xiē

xiē

M

some

HSK1
方法 fāng fǎ
方法

fāng fǎ

N

method, way

HSK2
成功 chéng gōng
成功

chéng gōng

Adv

successfully

HSK3
吸引 xī yǐn
吸引

xī yǐn

V

to attract

HSK4
他人 tā rén
他人

tā rén

N

other people

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
注意 zhù yì
注意

zhù yì

N

attention, wariness

HSK3
过去 guò qù
过去

guò qù

N

past, former, previous

N/A
xiàng

xiàng

V

such as; like

HSK2
"
"

rizz
rizz

"
"

这样 zhè yàng
这样

zhè yàng

Pron

this way, so that

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
cóng

cóng

Prep

from

HSK1
创造 chuàng zào
创造

chuàng zào

V

to create

HSK3
dào

dào

Prep

to

HSK1
流行 liú xíng
流行

liú xíng

V

be in fashion

HSK2
需要 xū yào
需要

xū yào

V

to need, to require

HSK3

Num

a few, several

HSK1
nián

nián

N

year

HSK1
dàn

dàn

Conj

but; yet; however

N/A
现在 xiàn zài
现在

xiàn zài

N

now, current, nowadays

HSK1
zhǐ

zhǐ

Adv

merely, only

HSK2
需要 xū yào
需要

xū yào

V

to need, to require

HSK3

Num

a few, several

HSK1

M

classifier for people or objects in general

HSK1
礼拜 lǐ bài
礼拜

lǐ bài

N

week (term used in Taiwan)

N/A


    美国 Měi guó
美国

Měi guó

N

the United States of America (the U.S.A)

de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
韦氏字典 Wéi shì zì diǎn
韦氏字典

Wéi shì zì diǎn

N

Webster's Dictionary

N/A
xuǎn

xuǎn

V

to choose, to select, to take

HSK2
chū

chū

V

to appear

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
"
"

authentic
authentic

"
"

真实 zhēn shí
真实

zhēn shí

Adj

true, real

HSK3
因为 yīn wèi
因为

yīn wèi

Conj

because

HSK2
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
技术 jì shù
技术

jì shù

N

technology

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
影响 yǐng xiǎng
影响

yǐng xiǎng

N

influence, impact

HSK2
hěn

hěn

Adv

very, quite

HSK1
duō

duō

Adj

many, much

HSK1
rén

rén

N

person, people

HSK1
开始 kāi shǐ
开始

kāi shǐ

V

to begin, to start to

HSK3
好奇 hào qí
好奇

hào qí

Adj

curious

HSK3

真实 zhēn shí
真实

zhēn shí

Adj

true, real

HSK3

de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
定义 dìng yì
定义

dìng yì

N

definition

HSK7-9
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
什么 shén me
什么

shén me

Pron

what

HSK1
这个 zhè gè
这个

zhè gè

Phrase

(pronoun) this

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
比起 bǐ qǐ
比起

bǐ qǐ

Prep

compared to

N/A
强调 qiáng diào
强调

qiáng diào

V

to emphasize

HSK3
真假 zhēn jiǎ
真假

zhēn jiǎ

N

genuine or fake

N/A
gèng

gèng

Adv

further; more

HSK3
隐含 yǐn hán
隐含

yǐn hán

V

to imply

N/A
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
真诚 zhēn chéng
真诚

zhēn chéng

Adj

sincere

N/A

Adv

not

HSK1
做作 zuò zuò
做作

zuò zuò

Adj

be affected

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
意思 yì si
意思

yì si

N

meaning

HSK2


    zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
TikTok
TikTok

TikTok is a popular social media platform known for short-form video sharing and creative content

shàng

shàng

N

on, above

HSK1
爆红 bào hóng
爆红

bào hóng

V

to be a big hit

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
lìng

lìng

Det

another

HSK1

Num

one

HSK1

M

classifier for people or objects in general

HSK1
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
"
"

delulu
delulu

"
"

源自 yuán zì
源自

yuán zì

V

to originate from

N/A
"
"

delusion
delusion

"
"

幻想 huàn xiǎng
幻想

huàn xiǎng

N

delusion

HSK6
zhè

zhè

Pron

this, these

HSK1

Adv

also

HSK1
gēn

gēn

Prep

with

HSK1
Z
Z

世代 shì dài
世代

shì dài

N

generation

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
感情 gǎn qíng
感情

gǎn qíng

N

love relationship

HSK3
生活 shēng huó
生活

shēng huó

N

life

HSK2
有关 yǒu guān
有关

yǒu guān

V

to be related to, to have something to do with

HSK6
意思 yì si
意思

yì si

N

meaning

HSK2
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1

Num

one

HSK1

M

classifier for people or objects in general

HSK1
rén

rén

N

person, people

HSK1
明明 míng míng
明明

míng míng

Adv

obviously

HSK5
gēn

gēn

Prep

with

HSK1
对方 duì fāng
对方

duì fāng

N

the other person; the other side; the other party

HSK3
méi

méi

Adv

do not have

HSK1
什么 shén me
什么

shén me

Pron

anything

HSK1
接触 jiē chù
接触

jiē chù

V

to get in touch with

HSK5
jiù

jiù

Adv

then; in that case

HSK1
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
那边 nà biān
那边

nà biān

N

over there

N/A
delulu
delulu

de

de

Ptc

adverbial marker

HSK1
shuō

shuō

V

to say, to tell , to talk, to speak

HSK1

Pron

he, him

HSK1
kàn

kàn

V

to look at, to see, to take a look

HSK1
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2

Pron

I, me

HSK1
一眼 yī yǎn
一眼

yī yǎn

N

a glance/ a quick look/ a glimpse

N/A
是不是 shì bú shì
是不是

shì bú shì

Phrase

is it the case that..?

HSK1
喜欢 xǐ huān
喜欢

xǐ huān

V

to like, to love

HSK1

Pron

I, me

HSK1

这个 zhè gè
这个

zhè gè

Phrase

(pronoun) this

N/A

N

words; phrase, expression

HSK2
衍生 yǎn shēng
衍生

yǎn shēng

V

to derive

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
意思 yì si
意思

yì si

N

meaning

HSK2
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1

Pron

you

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
幻想 huàn xiǎng
幻想

huàn xiǎng

N

delusion

HSK6
或者 huò zhě
或者

huò zhě

Conj

or

HSK2
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1

Pron

you

HSK1
想要 xiǎng yào
想要

xiǎng yào

V

to want to, to wish to have

N/A
梦想 mèng xiǎng
梦想

mèng xiǎng

N

dream

HSK4
chéng

chéng

V

to become,to turn into

HSK2
zhēn

zhēn

Adv

true, real

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
事情 shì qing
事情

shì qing

N

thing, matter, business, affair

HSK2


    zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
měi

měi

Pron

every

HSK3

Num

one

HSK1
nián

nián

N

year

HSK1

N

in

HSK1

Pron

each, every

HSK3
guó

guó

N

nation, country, state, kingdom

HSK1
透过 tòu guò
透过

tòu guò

Prep

through

HSK7-9
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

HSK5
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
选择 xuǎn zé
选择

xuǎn zé

N

choice

HSK4
反映 fǎn yìng
反映

fǎn yìng

V

to reflect

HSK4
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
各自 gè zì
各自

gè zì

Pron

each, respective, apiece

HSK3
社会 shè huì
社会

shè huì

N

society

HSK3
文化 wén huà
文化

wén huà

N

culture

HSK3

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
技术 jì shù
技术

jì shù

N

technology

HSK3
领域 lǐng yù
领域

lǐng yù

N

field

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
重大 zhòng dà
重大

zhòng dà

Adj

important;major

HSK3
变化 biàn huà
变化

biàn huà

N

change; variation

HSK3

Conj

and

HSK4
挑战 tiǎo zhàn
挑战

tiǎo zhàn

N

challenge

HSK4
展现 zhǎn xiàn
展现

zhǎn xiàn

V

to show

HSK6
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
全球 quán qiú
全球

quán qiú

N

global, worldwide

HSK3
多元 duō yuán
多元

duō yuán

Adj

diverse; diversified

HSK7-9
文化 wén huà
文化

wén huà

N

culture

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
丰富性 fēng fù xìng
丰富性

fēng fù xìng

N

abundance

N/A

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
深刻性 shēn kè xìng
深刻性

shēn kè xìng

N

profundity

N/A

In 2023, Taiwan's "Character of the Year" was announced, with the character "缺" (lack) being honored as the annual representative character, surpassing other popular candidate terms such as "蛋" (egg) and "炸" (fried). This signifies various "shortages" faced by Taiwanese society in 2023, including shortages of goods in daily life, energy scarcity in enterprises, and frequent public safety issues. Not only in Taiwan but in many countries and regions, media outlets and academic institutions select annual representative characters symbolizing social and cultural phenomena of the year.

In Asian countries, China's annual representative character is "振" (vigor), symbolizing China's steady efforts to boost its economy in 2023. However, due to China's economic slowdown, many netizens expressed a preference for using "跌" (decline) or "慘" (miserable) to describe the economic situation of 2023.

Japan's annual representative character is selected through nationwide audience recommendations, with a highly ceremonial process involving the head priest of Kiyomizu Temple in Kyoto writing down the representative character. This year, "稅" (tax) won the crown. This is because the Japanese government began tax reforms to strengthen national defense while facing pressures of high inflation and rising prices.

In Europe and America, the annual representative character chosen by Oxford University Press is determined by public voting. The representative character for 2023 is "rizz" (charm, allure), initially derived from the abbreviation of "charisma." This word describes a social skill of successfully attracting others' attention through certain methods. Previously, it would take years for words like "rizz" to go from creation to popularity, but now it only takes a few weeks.

The annual representative character selected by Merriam-Webster's Dictionary in the United States is "authentic," reflecting people's growing curiosity about the definition of "authenticity" amidst the influence of artificial intelligence technology. This word implies sincerity and lack of pretense rather than emphasizing truth or falsehood.

Another annual representative character that gained popularity on TikTok is "delulu," derived from "delusion," which is related to the emotional lives of Generation Z. It refers to someone fantasizing or wanting their dreams to come true, despite having minimal interaction with the other person.

Each year, the selection of annual representative characters by different countries reflects significant changes and challenges in their respective societies, cultures, and technological fields, showcasing the richness and depth of global multiculturalism.

Keyword

  • 揭晓

    (V)

    jiē xiǎo

    to reveal

    HSK7-9

  • 物资

    (N)

    wù zī

    supplies

    HSK7-9

  • 推荐

    (V)

    tuī jiàn

    to recommend

    HSK7-9

  • 通膨

    (N)

    tōng péng

    inflation (abbr. for 通貨膨脹tōng huò péng zhàng )

    N/A

  • 魅力

    (N)

    mèi lì

    charm

    HSK7-9

  • 明明

    (Adv)

    míng míng

    obviously

    HSK5

  • 展现

    (V)

    zhǎn xiàn

    to show

    HSK6

这篇文章里,提到了好几个2023年度代表字,你觉得那个字最能代表2023年?为什么?

根据文章,各国透过年度代表字的选择,反映了各自社会、文化和技术领域的重大变化与挑战。请根据“社会”、“文化”和“技术”说明文章里的代表字。

根据这篇文章,你认为“缺”字被选为台湾的年度代表字有何意义?请说说你的想法。

你在日常生活中是否也遇到了类似于文章中所描述的“不足”情况?请分享一个例子,讨论对你的影响。

如果你有机会选出一个年度代表字,你会选择什么字?为什么?

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    2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

TOCFL1
台灣 Tái wān
台灣

Tái wān

Proper Noun

Taiwan

de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

TOCFL1

代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Vs/Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

TOCFL1

大選 dà xuǎn
大選

dà xuǎn

N

general vote

N/A
揭曉 jiē xiǎo
揭曉

jiē xiǎo

V

to reveal

TOCFL7

quē

quē

Vst

to lack

TOCFL5

N

letter, character, word

TOCFL1
榮獲 róng huò
榮獲

róng huò

V

to be honored with

TOCFL7
年度 nián dù
年度

nián dù

N

year; annual

TOCFL6
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

Vs/Adj

representative

N/A

N

letter, character, word

TOCFL1
擊敗 jí bài
擊敗

jí bài

V

to beat

TOCFL5
le

le

Ptc

completed action

TOCFL2
其他 qí tā
其他

qí tā

Det

other, else

TOCFL2
熱門 rè mén
熱門

rè mén

Vs/Adj

popular

TOCFL4
候選 hòu xuǎn
候選

hòu xuǎn

Vs-attr

candidate (attributive)

N/A
詞彙 cí huì
詞彙

cí huì

N

vocabulary

TOCFL5

Vst

as, as if, such as

N/A

dàn

dàn

N

egg

TOCFL1

hàn

hàn

Conj

and, as well as

TOCFL1

zhá

zhá

V

to deep fry

TOCFL2

zhè

zhè

Det

this, these

TOCFL1
意味 yì wèi
意味

yì wèi

V

to mean, to imply

TOCFL6
zhe

zhe

Ptc

action continues

TOCFL2
2023
2023

nián

nián

N

year

TOCFL1
台灣 Tái wān
台灣

Tái wān

Proper Noun

Taiwan

社會 shè huì
社會

shè huì

N

society

TOCFL3
面臨 miàn lín
面臨

miàn lín

V

to face; to be confronted with

TOCFL5
le

le

Ptc

completed action

TOCFL2
種種 zhǒng zhǒng
種種

zhǒng zhǒng

Phrase

all kinds of

TOCFL2

不足 bù zú
不足

bù zú

N

insufficiency

TOCFL4

Vst

as, as if, such as

N/A
生活 shēng huó
生活

shēng huó

N

life

TOCFL3
zhōng

zhōng

N

in, among, admidst

TOCFL4
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

TOCFL1
物資 wù zī
物資

wù zī

N

supplies