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人工智慧在不同語言中面臨的挑戰

人工智慧在不同语言中面临的挑战

The challenges that AI faces in different languages

High-intermediate

經濟,趨勢,國際

经济,趋势,国际

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    最近 zuì jìn
最近

zuì jìn

N

recently

HSK2
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
AI
AI

short for artificial intelligence

引起 yĭn qĭ
引起

yĭn qĭ

V

to cause; to stir up; to generate

HSK4
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
全球 quán qiú
全球

quán qiú

N

global, worldwide

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
广泛 guǎng fàn
广泛

guǎng fàn

Adj

wide

N/A
关注 guān zhù
关注

guān zhù

N

attention

HSK3
尽管 jǐn guǎn
尽管

jǐn guǎn

Conj

despite

N/A
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
wèi

wèi

Prep

for; for the purpose of; because of

N/A
我们 wǒ men
我们

wǒ men

Pron

we, us

HSK1
带来 dài lái
带来

dài lái

Phrase

to bring about

HSK2
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
许多 xǔ duō
许多

xǔ duō

Num

many, much, a lot of

HSK2
便利 biàn lì
便利

biàn lì

N

convenience

HSK5
dàn

dàn

Conj

but; yet; however

N/A
专家 zhuān jiā
专家

zhuān jiā

N

expert

HSK3
警告 jǐng gào
警告

jǐng gào

N

to warn

HSK5
shuō

shuō

V

to say, to tell , to talk, to speak

HSK1
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
系统 xì tǒng
系统

xì tǒng

N

system

HSK4
duì

duì

Prep

to

HSK1
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
偏好 piān hào
偏好

piān hào

N

preference

N/A
可能 kě néng
可能

kě néng

V

probably, maybe, perhaps

HSK2
导致 dǎo zhì
导致

dǎo zhì

V

to lead to

HSK4
quán

quán

Det

entire

HSK2
世界 shì jiè
世界

shì jiè

N

world

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
处于 chǔ yú
处于

chǔ yú

V

in

HSK4
不利 bú lì
不利

bú lì

Adj

unfavorable

HSK5
地位 dì wèi
地位

dì wèi

N

status

HSK4
xiàng

xiàng

V

such as; like

HSK2
ChatGPT
ChatGPT

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
GoogleBard
GoogleBard

这样 zhè yàng
这样

zhè yàng

Pron

this kind (of)

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
生成 shēng chéng
生成

shēng chéng

V

to generate

N/A
shì

shì

N

HSK5
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
工具 gōng jù
工具

gōng jù

N

tool

HSK3
zhèng

zhèng

Adv

during the process of

HSK1
wèi

wèi

Prep

for; for the purpose of; because of

N/A
shù

shù

N

amount, quantity

HSK2

Grammar

in accordance with;by

HSK7-9
百万 bǎi wàn
百万

bǎi wàn

Num

million

N/A

V

to count

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
rén

rén

N

person, people

HSK1
提供 tí gōng
提供

tí gōng

V

to supply, to provide

HSK4
xīn

xīn

Adj

new

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
技能 jì néng
技能

jì néng

N

technical ability; skill

HSK5

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
商业 shāng yè
商业

shāng yè

N

business; trade; commerce

HSK5
潜力 qián lì
潜力

qián lì

N

potential

HSK6
dàn

dàn

Conj

but; yet; however

N/A
同时 tóng shí
同时

tóng shí

Adv

at the same time, meanwhile

HSK2

Adv

also

HSK1
可能 kě néng
可能

kě néng

V

probably, maybe, perhaps

HSK2
ràng

ràng

V

to let, to make

HSK2
其他 qí tā
其他

qí tā

Pron

other, else

HSK2
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
面临 miàn lín
面临

miàn lín

V

to face; to be confronted with

HSK4
挑战 tiǎo zhàn
挑战

tiǎo zhàn

N

challenge

HSK4


    尽管 jǐn guǎn
尽管

jǐn guǎn

Conj

despite

N/A
一些 yì xiē
一些

yì xiē

Num

some, a number of, a few

HSK1
公司 gōng sī
公司

gōng sī

N

company

HSK2
开始 kāi shǐ
开始

kāi shǐ

V

to begin, to start to

HSK3
尝试 cháng shì
尝试

cháng shì

V

to try; to attempt

HSK5
wèi

wèi

Prep

for; for the purpose of; because of

N/A
他们 tā men
他们

tā men

Pron

they, them

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
母语 mǔyǔ
母语

mǔyǔ

N

native language

N/A
制作 zhì zuò
制作

zhì zuò

V

to make, to manufacture

HSK3
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
系统 xì tǒng
系统

xì tǒng

N

system

HSK4

V

as, as if, such as

N/A
印尼语 Yìn ní yǔ
印尼语

Yìn ní yǔ

N

spoken Indonesian

N/A
日语 Rì yǔ
日语

Rì yǔ

N

spoken Japanese

HSK6
汉语 Hàn yǔ
汉语

Hàn yǔ

N

spoken and written Chinese

HSK1
韩语 Hán yǔ
韩语

Hán yǔ

N

Korean language (esp. in context of South Korea)

N/A

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
印度 Yìn dù
印度

Yìn dù

N

India

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
duō

duō

Adj

many, much

HSK1
zhǒng

zhǒng

M

classifier for types, kinds

HSK3
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
dàn

dàn

Conj

but; yet; however

N/A
它们 tā men
它们

tā men

Pron

they (for inanimate objects)

HSK2
能否 néng fǒu
能否

néng fǒu

Phrase

whether or not

N/A
真正 zhēn zhèng
真正

zhēn zhèng

Adv

truly

HSK2

Prep

with

HSK4
矽谷 Guī gǔ
矽谷

Guī gǔ

N

Silicon Valley

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
机器人 jī qì rén
机器人

jī qì rén

N

robot

N/A
竞争 jìng zhēng
竞争

jìng zhēng

V

to compete

N/A
仍然 réng rán
仍然

réng rán

Adv

still; as before; yet

HSK4
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1

Num

one

HSK1

M

classifier for people or objects in general

HSK1
问题 wèn tí
问题

wèn tí

N

question, problem

HSK2
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
浪潮 làng cháo
浪潮

làng cháo

N

wave

N/A
zhōng

zhōng

N

centre, middle

N/A
面临 miàn lín
面临

miàn lín

V

to face; to be confronted with

HSK4
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
挑战 tiǎo zhàn
挑战

tiǎo zhàn

N

challenge

HSK4
主要 zhǔ yào
主要

zhǔ yào

Adv

mainly

HSK2
表现 biǎo xiàn
表现

biǎo xiàn

V

to show; to diaplay; to behave

HSK3
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1

Num

how many, how much

HSK1

M

classifier for people or objects in general

HSK1
方面 fāng miàn
方面

fāng miàn

N

in the areas of (an issue)

HSK2


    首先 shǒu xiān
首先

shǒu xiān

Adv

first of all, above all

HSK3
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
使用 shǐ yòng
使用

shǐ yòng

V

to use;to employ

HSK2
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
shí

shí

Grammar

在...時/在...时/ zài... shí, During the time of...

HSK2
面临 miàn lín
面临

miàn lín

V

to face; to be confronted with

HSK4
准确 zhǔn què
准确

zhǔn què

N

accuracy

HSK2

N

degree

HSK2
jiào

jiào

Adv

relatively, comparatively

HSK3

Adj

low

HSK2
qiě

qiě

Conj

moreover, and, furthermore

HSK2
成本 chéng běn
成本

chéng běn

N

(manufacturing, production, etc)​ cost

HSK5
jiào

jiào

Adv

relatively, comparatively

HSK3
gāo

gāo

Adj

tall, high

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
问题 wèn tí
问题

wèn tí

N

question, problem

HSK2
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
工程师 gōng chéng shī
工程师

gōng chéng shī

N

engineer

HSK3
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
yòng

yòng

Prep

with (indicates the basis for completing an action)

HSK1
不同 bù tóng
不同

bù tóng

Adj

different, not the same

HSK2
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
测试 cè shì
测试

cè shì

V

to test

HSK4
ChatGPT-4
ChatGPT-4

shí

shí

N

at the moment

HSK3
发现 fā xiàn
发现

fā xiàn

V

to discover, to find

HSK2
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
速度 sù dù
速度

sù dù

N

speed

HSK3
màn

màn

Adj

slow

HSK1
效果 xiào guǒ
效果

xiào guǒ

N

effect; result

HSK3
不如 bù rú
不如

bù rú

V

inferior to

HSK2
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
zài

zài

Adv

be at, be in,be on

HSK1

Num

one

HSK1
xiàng

xiàng

M

a unit for calculating the classification or number of things.

HSK4
测试 cè shì
测试

cè shì

N

test

HSK4
zhōng

zhōng

N

centre, middle

N/A
工程师 gōng chéng shī
工程师

gōng chéng shī

N

engineer

HSK3
yòng

yòng

V

to use

HSK1
16
16

zhǒng

zhǒng

M

classifier for types, kinds

HSK3
不同 bù tóng
不同

bù tóng

Adj

different, not the same

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
提出 tí chū
提出

tí chū

Phrase

to raise (an issue); to propose

HSK2
相同 xiāng tóng
相同

xiāng tóng

Adj

identical, same

HSK4
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
数学 shù xué
数学

shù xué

N

math

N/A
问题 wèn tí
问题

wèn tí

N

question, problem

HSK2
结果 jié guǒ
结果

jié guǒ

Adv

in the end; as a result; finally

HSK2
发现 fā xiàn
发现

fā xiàn

V

to discover, to find

HSK2
GPT-4
GPT-4

zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
处理 chǔ lǐ
处理

chǔ lǐ

V

to deal with

HSK3
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
德语 Dé yǔ
德语

Dé yǔ

N

German (language)

N/A

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
西班牙语 Xī bān yá yǔ
西班牙语

Xī bān yá yǔ

N

spoken and written spanish

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
问题 wèn tí
问题

wèn tí

N

question, problem

HSK2
shí

shí

N

at the moment

HSK3
表现 biǎo xiàn
表现

biǎo xiàn

V

to show; to diaplay; to behave

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

used after a verb (V, Vp, Vs/Adj) linking it to following Phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc.

HSK1
gèng

gèng

Adv

further; more

HSK3
hǎo

hǎo

Adj

good, fine, nice

HSK2
zhè

zhè

N

since; ever since

HSK1
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

V

to represent, to stand for

HSK3
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
zài

zài

Adv

be at, be in,be on

HSK1
使用 shǐ yòng
使用

shǐ yòng

V

to use;to employ

HSK2
AI
AI

short for artificial intelligence

shí

shí

N

at the moment

HSK3
可能 kě néng
可能

kě néng

V

probably, maybe, perhaps

HSK2
需要 xū yào
需要

xū yào

V

to need, to require

HSK3
付出 fù chū
付出

fù chū

V

to pay, to invest

HSK4
gèng

gèng

Adv

further; more

HSK3
duō

duō

Adj

many, much

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
努力 nǔ lì
努力

nǔ lì

N

effort

HSK2

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
成本 chéng běn
成本

chéng běn

N

(manufacturing, production, etc)​ cost

HSK5


    其次 qí cì
其次

qí cì

Conj

secondly

HSK3
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
优先 yōu xiān
优先

yōu xiān

Adj

to be given priority

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
无法 wú fǎ
无法

wú fǎ

Adv

to be unable to

HSK4
完全 wán quán
完全

wán quán

Adv

completely

HSK2
反映 fǎn yìng
反映

fǎn yìng

V

to reflect

HSK4
其他 qí tā
其他

qí tā

Pron

other, else

HSK2
文化 wén huà
文化

wén huà

N

culture

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
特征 tè zhēng
特征

tè zhēng

N

feature; characteristic

HSK4
尽管 jǐn guǎn
尽管

jǐn guǎn

Conj

despite

N/A
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
网络 wǎng luò
网络

wǎng luò

N

internet, network

HSK4

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
领域 lǐng yù
领域

lǐng yù

N

field

HSK7-9
zhàn

zhàn

V

to occupy

HSK2
主导 zhǔ dǎo
主导

zhǔ dǎo

Adj

dominant

HSK5
地位 dì wèi
地位

dì wèi

N

position

HSK4
dàn

dàn

Conj

but; yet; however

N/A
zhè

zhè

Pron

this, these

HSK1
bìng

bìng

Adv

contrary to assumption (followed by a negative statement)

HSK3
不能 bù néng
不能

bù néng

Phrase

cannot

HSK1
完全 wán quán
完全

wán quán

Adv

completely

HSK2
代表 dài biǎo
代表

dài biǎo

V

to represent, to stand for

HSK3
全球 quán qiú
全球

quán qiú

N

global, worldwide

HSK3
网络 wǎng luò
网络

wǎng luò

N

internet, network

HSK4
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
suǒ

suǒ

Ptc

The particle 所 marks the verb of a relative clause, which modifies a noun

HSK3
使用 shǐ yòng
使用

shǐ yòng

V

to use;to employ

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
多样 duō yàng
多样

duō yàng

Adj

diverse

HSK4
xìng

xìng

N

xìng, property, suffix indicating that a term is a noun)

HSK3
大多数 dà duō shù
大多数

dà duō shù

Phrase

(great) majority

N/A
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
模型 mó xíng
模型

mó xíng

N

Model

HSK4
dōu

dōu

Adv

all, both

HSK1
shì

shì

Phrase

是...的/shì... de, to focus, it was A that B. This pattern the main message of the sentence.

HSK2
使用 shǐ yòng
使用

shǐ yòng

V

to use;to employ

HSK2
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
资料 zī liào
资料

zī liào

N

information, data

HSK4
进行 jìn xíng
进行

jìn xíng

V

to perform, to take place, to carry out

HSK2
训练 xùn liàn
训练

xùn liàn

N

training

HSK3
de

de

Phrase

是...的/shì... de, to focus, it was A that B. This pattern the main message of the sentence.

HSK2
zhè

zhè

Pron

this, these

HSK1
导致 dǎo zhì
导致

dǎo zhì

V

to lead to

HSK4
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
处理 chǔ lǐ
处理

chǔ lǐ

V

to deal with

HSK3
其他 qí tā
其他

qí tā

Pron

other, else

HSK2
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
shí

shí

N

at the moment

HSK3
可能 kě néng
可能

kě néng

V

probably, maybe, perhaps

HSK2
huì

huì

V

will; would; be likely to

HSK1
出现 chū xiàn
出现

chū xiàn

V

to appear

HSK2
困难 kùn nan
困难

kùn nan

N

difficulty

HSK3


    最后 zuì hòu
最后

zuì hòu

Adv

finally

HSK1
即使 jí shǐ
即使

jí shǐ

Conj

even though

HSK5
开发 kāi fā
开发

kāi fā

V

to develop

HSK3
le

le

Ptc

completed action

HSK2
duō

duō

Adj

many, much

HSK1
语种 yǔ zhǒng
语种

yǔ zhǒng

Phrase

language type (in a classification)

N/A
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
模型 mó xíng
模型

mó xíng

N

Model

HSK4
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
体验 tǐ yàn
体验

tǐ yàn

N

experience

HSK3
仍然 réng rán
仍然

réng rán

Adv

still; as before; yet

HSK4
可能 kě néng
可能

kě néng

V

probably, maybe, perhaps

HSK2
jiào

jiào

Adv

relatively, comparatively

HSK3
chà

chà

Adj

short, poor

N/A
一些 yì xiē
一些

yì xiē

Num

some, a number of, a few

HSK1
研究者 yán jiū zhě
研究者

yán jiū zhě

N

researcher, 者 zhě person

HSK5
指出 zhǐ chū
指出

zhǐ chū

V

to indicate, point out

HSK3
尽管 jǐn guǎn
尽管

jǐn guǎn

Conj

despite

N/A
duō

duō

Adj

many, much

HSK1
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
模型 mó xíng
模型

mó xíng

N

Model

HSK4
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
开发 kāi fā
开发

kāi fā

N

development

HSK3
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1

Num

one

HSK1

M

classifier for people or objects in general

HSK1
hǎo

hǎo

Adj

good, fine, nice

HSK2
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
开始 kāi shǐ
开始

kāi shǐ

N

beginning

HSK3
dàn

dàn

Conj

but; yet; however

N/A
zài

zài

Prep

be at, be in, be on

HSK1
实际 shí jì
实际

shí jì

Adj

actual

HSK2
应用 yìng yòng
应用

yìng yòng

N

application

HSK3
zhōng

zhōng

N

in, among, admidst

N/A
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
体验 tǐ yàn
体验

tǐ yàn

N

experience

HSK3
仍然 réng rán
仍然

réng rán

Adv

still; as before; yet

HSK4

Adv

not

HSK1
尽如人意 jìn rú rén yì
尽如人意

jìn rú rén yì

Idiom

as expected

N/A


    为了 wèi le
为了

wèi le

Prep

for the sake of; in order to

HSK3
解决 jiě jué
解决

jiě jué

V

to solve

HSK3
这些 zhè xiē
这些

zhè xiē

Pron

these

HSK1
问题 wèn tí
问题

wèn tí

N

question, problem

HSK2
需要 xū yào
需要

xū yào

V

to need, to require

HSK3
全球 quán qiú
全球

quán qiú

N

global, worldwide

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
努力 nǔ lì
努力

nǔ lì

N

effort

HSK2
企业 qǐ yè
企业

qǐ yè

N

enterprise; business

HSK4
政府 zhèng fǔ
政府

zhèng fǔ

N

government

HSK4

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
研究 yán jiū
研究

yán jiū

N

research

HSK4
机构 jī gòu
机构

jī gòu

N

organization, institution

HSK4
需要 xū yào
需要

xū yào

V

to need, to require

HSK3
共同 gòng tóng
共同

gòng tóng

Adv

jointly; together

HSK3
合作 hé zuò
合作

hé zuò

V

to cooperate

HSK3
投入 tóu rù
投入

tóu rù

V

to be committed to

HSK4
gèng

gèng

Adv

further; more

HSK3
duō

duō

Adj

many, much

HSK1
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
资源 zī yuán
资源

zī yuán

N

resource

HSK4

Conj

and, as well as

HSK1
资金 zī jīn
资金

zī jīn

N

funds

HSK3
改善 gǎi shàn
改善

gǎi shàn

V

to improve

HSK4
fēi

fēi

Adj

not

HSK4
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
体验 tǐ yàn
体验

tǐ yàn

N

experience

HSK3
同时 tóng shí
同时

tóng shí

Adv

at the same time, meanwhile

HSK2

Adv

also

HSK1
需要 xū yào
需要

xū yào

V

to need, to require

HSK3
加强 jiā qiáng
加强

jiā qiáng

V

to strengthen

HSK3
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
语言 yǔ yán
语言

yǔ yán

N

language

HSK2
偏见 piān jiàn
偏见

piān jiàn

N

bias ,prejudice

HSK7-9
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
研究 yán jiū
研究

yán jiū

N

research

HSK4
确保 què bǎo
确保

què bǎo

V

to make sure

HSK3
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
技术 jì shù
技术

jì shù

N

technology

HSK3
能够 néng gòu
能够

néng gòu

V

to be able to

N/A
真正 zhēn zhèng
真正

zhēn zhèng

Adv

truly

HSK2
服务 fú wù
服务

fú wù

V

to serve

HSK2
全球 quán qiú
全球

quán qiú

N

global, worldwide

HSK3
用户 yòng hù
用户

yòng hù

N

user

N/A
ér

ér

Conj

and; furthermore; but also; however

HSK4
不仅 bù jǐn
不仅

bù jǐn

Conj

N/A
shì

shì

V

to be

HSK1
英语 Yīng yǔ
英语

Yīng yǔ

N

spoken English

HSK2
使用者 shǐ yòng zhě
使用者

shǐ yòng zhě

N

user

N/A
这样 zhè yàng
这样

zhè yàng

Pron

this way, so that

HSK2
我们 wǒ men
我们

wǒ men

Pron

we, us

HSK1
cái

cái

Adv

merely, only

HSK2
néng

néng

V

can, be able to, be capable of

HSK1
充分 chōng fèn
充分

chōng fèn

Adv

fully

HSK4
利用 lì yòng
利用

lì yòng

V

to make use of

HSK3
人工智能 rén gōng zhì néng
人工智能

rén gōng zhì néng

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
技术 jì shù
技术

jì shù

N

technology

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
潜力 qián lì
潜力

qián lì

N

potential

HSK6
ràng

ràng

V

to let, to make

HSK2

Pron

it

HSK2
成为 chéng wéi
成为

chéng wéi

V

to become

HSK2
quán

quán

Det

entire

HSK2
人类 rén lèi
人类

rén lèi

N

humanity; human being

HSK3
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

HSK1
hǎo

hǎo

Adj

good, fine, nice

HSK2
帮手 bāng shou
帮手

bāng shou

N

helper

HSK7-9

Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) has attracted widespread global attention. While AI has brought many conveniences to us, experts warn that the preference of AI systems for English could put non-English speakers worldwide at a disadvantage. Generative AI tools like ChatGPT and GoogleBard are providing new skills and business potential to millions of people, but they could also pose challenges for users of other languages.

Although some companies have started to develop AI systems in their native languages, such as Indonesian, Japanese, Mandarin Chinese, Korean, and various Indian languages, whether they can truly compete with Silicon Valley's AI robots remains a question. The challenges faced by non-English speakers in the AI wave mainly manifest in several aspects.

Firstly, non-English speakers face issues of lower accuracy and higher costs when using AI. Engineers testing ChatGPT-4 in different languages found that non-English versions were slower and less effective than English. In one test where engineers presented the same mathematical problem in 16 different languages, it was found that GPT-4 performed better in handling English, German, and Spanish problems. This suggests that non-English speakers may need to exert more effort and incur higher costs when using AI.

Secondly, English-centric AI fails to fully reflect the characteristics of other cultures. Although English dominates the internet and AI fields, it does not fully represent the linguistic diversity of global internet users. Most AI models are trained on English data, leading to potential difficulties in processing other languages.

Lastly, even with the development of multilingual language models, the experience of non-English speakers may still be subpar. Some researchers point out that while the development of multilingual models is a good start, the actual experience of non-English speakers may still be unsatisfactory in practical applications.

Addressing these issues requires global efforts. Corporations, governments, and research institutions need to collaborate and invest more resources and funding to improve the AI experience for non-English speakers. Additionally, research into AI language biases needs to be strengthened to ensure that AI technologies can truly serve global users, not just English speakers. Only then can we fully harness the potential of AI technology to be a helpful tool for all humanity.

Keyword

  • 人工智能

    (N)

    rén gōng zhì néng

    artificial intelligence (AI)

    N/A

  • 引起

    (V)

    yĭn qĭ

    to cause; to stir up; to generate

    HSK4

  • 尽管

    (Conj)

    jǐn guǎn

    despite

    N/A

  • 警告

    (N)

    jǐng gào

    to warn

    HSK5

  • (N)

    shì

    HSK5

  • 潜力

    (N)

    qián lì

    potential

    HSK6

  • 面临

    (V)

    miàn lín

    to face; to be confronted with

    HSK4

  • 制作

    (V)

    zhì zuò

    to make, to manufacture

    HSK3

  • 系统

    (N)

    xì tǒng

    system

    HSK4

  • 反映

    (V)

    fǎn yìng

    to reflect

    HSK4

  • 特征

    (N)

    tè zhēng

    feature; characteristic

    HSK4

  • 主导

    (Adj)

    zhǔ dǎo

    dominant

    HSK5

  • 模型

    (N)

    mó xíng

    Model

    HSK4

  • 开发

    (V)

    kāi fā

    to develop

    HSK3

  • 体验

    (N)

    tǐ yàn

    experience

    HSK3

  • 指出

    (V)

    zhǐ chū

    to indicate, point out

    HSK3

  • 应用

    (N)

    yìng yòng

    application

    HSK3

  • 尽如人意

    (Idiom)

    jìn rú rén yì

    as expected

    N/A

  • 投入

    (V)

    tóu rù

    to be committed to

    HSK4

  • 资金

    (N)

    zī jīn

    funds

    HSK3

  • 偏见

    (N)

    piān jiàn

    bias ,prejudice

    HSK7-9

  • 充分

    (Adv)

    chōng fèn

    fully

    HSK4

  • 潜力

    (N)

    qián lì

    potential

    HSK6

根据文章,人工智能为什么引起了全球的关注?

根据文章,非英语使用者在人工智能浪潮中面临哪些挑战?

根据文章,为了解决非英语使用者在人工智能中的问题,需要什么样的努力和合作?

你认为人工智能对于非英语使用者有什么影响?请举例说明。

你觉得学习人工智能对你的生活有/没有帮助?为什么?

对于“全球需要共同努力来改善非英语使用者的人工智能体验”这句话,你的想法或建议?

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    最近 zuì jìn
最近

zuì jìn

Adv

recently

TOCFL2
人工智慧 rén gōng zhì huì
人工智慧

rén gōng zhì huì

N

artificial intelligence (AI)

N/A
AI
AI

short for artificial intelligence

引起 yĭn qĭ
引起

yĭn qĭ

Vpt

to cause; to stir up; to generate

TOCFL4
le

le

Ptc

completed action

TOCFL2
全球 quán qiú
全球

quán qiú

N

global, worldwide

TOCFL4
de

de

Ptc

modifier marker

TOCFL1
廣泛 guǎng fàn
廣泛

guǎng fàn

Vs/Adj

wide

TOCFL5